The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. It first started on 10 September 2008 and remains the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world. The LHC is housed in a 17-mile tunnel beneath the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva. The purpose of the Large Hadron Collider is to smash particles together at high speeds in order to study their behavior and interactions. The LHC has been instrumental in the discovery of the Higgs boson, also known as the “God particle.” The Large Hadron Collider is scheduled to be restarted in April of 2022 after a two-year hiatus for upgrades. The LHC is expected to reach an even higher energy level during its high-luminosity phase, allowing for an even more detailed study of the behavior of subatomic particles. The LHC experiments
CERN is currently conducting experiments at the LHC that look for new particles and interactions. Some of the experiments that are currently in operation at the LHC are:
ATLAS: The ATLAS experiment is designed to study the debris from particles colliding with a center of mass energy of 14 TeV. The ATLAS detector is a massive particle detector that is being used to study the interactions of the Higgs boson and to search for new physics. The ATLAS detector has two layers of detectors. The first layer is the inner detector, which consists of silicon pixel and microstrip detectors, and a transition radiation tracker. The second layer is the calorimeter. The calorimeter uses liquid argon as the active material and is used to record the energy of particles and measure the direction of the particles. The ATLAS detector is a single detector that is capable of measuring the properties of all types of particles, from electrons, protons, and neutrons to quarks, photons, and gluons. The ATLAS is located in the central barrel region of the LHC.